This blog will discuss briefly some famous tools that are used to prevent hacking or unauthorized entry.
Nmap stands for Network Mapper. For network discovery and auditing, open source software is used widely. Nmap was created to scan large networks. It works just as well on a single host. Network administrators can use it to manage service upgrade schedules, monitor host uptime and other tasks.
Nmap analyses raw IP packets to identify -
· What hosts are there in the network?
· What services do the hosts offer?
· What operating system are they using?
· What kind of firewalls are used and their other characteristics.
· Nmap works with Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux.
Metasploit is one of the most powerful exploit tools. Rapid7, the company behind it, produces Metasploit. You can find most of their resources on www.metasploit.com. The commercial edition and the free version are both available. Matasploit comes with both a Web-based UI and a Command Prompt.
Metasploit lets you perform the following actions.
· Basic penetration testing for small networks
· Look for weaknesses and exploit them.
· Discover the network or import scan data
· Browse exploit modules to execute specific exploits on the host
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· Burp Suit
Burp Suite is a widely used tool for testing the security of web applications. It includes a variety of tools used together to support the entire testing process. It includes mapping, analyzing and finding vulnerabilities in an application.
Burp allows administrators to combine automated testing techniques with manual testing for more efficient testing. Burp's features are easy to use and can help even experienced testers.
· Angry IP Scanner
Angry IP scanner is a lightweight IP scan and port tool that runs on all platforms. It can scan any IP range. It is free to copy and use anywhere. The multi-threaded scanning method increases the speed of the scan. Each IP address is scanned in a separate thread.
The AngryIP scanner pings each IP address to check if it is alive. The Angry IP scanner then resolves the hostname of each address, determines its MAC address, and scans all ports. The data collected about each host can be saved to CSV, TXT, XML, or IP Port List files. With the help of plugins, AngryIP scanner can collect all information about scanned IPs.
· Cain & Abel
Cain & Abel is a password recovery software for Microsoft Operating Systems. The program allows you to recover a wide range of passwords by using the methods listed below.
Sniffing out the network
Cracking encrypted passwords using Dictionary, Brute-Force and Cryptanalysis attacks
· Recording VoIP Conversations
· Unscrambling Passwords
· recovering wireless network keys,
· revealing password boxes,
· Analyzing routing protocols and discovering cached passwords
· Cain & Abel is a useful tool for penetration testers and security consultants.
Ettercap is another name for Ethernet Capture. It is a security software that protects you from Man-in-the-Middle attacks. It includes many features such as sniffing live connections, content filtering and more. Ettercap has features for analysing networks and hosts. It is possible to actively and passively dissect many protocols. Ettercap runs on all popular operating systems, including Windows Linux Mac X.
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· Ether Peek
Ether Peek simplifies the analysis of networks in a heterogeneous, multiprotocol environment. Ether Peek is a small and easy-to-install software (less than 2MB).
Ether Peek sniffs traffic packets on a network. Ether Peek supports by default protocols such as AppleTalk, IP, NetWare TCP (IP Address Resolution Protocol), UDP, and NBT packets.
· Super Scan
SuperScan is a network administrator's tool that allows them to scan TCP ports and resolve hostnames. It's easy to use, and the interface is friendly.
You can scan ports and ping any IP range.
You can scan a port range from a built-in list or any range that you specify.
View the responses of the hosts connected.
Use the editor to edit the port list, the port description and the list of ports.
Merge and create new port lists.
Connect to any port that is open.
You can assign an application to helper for any port.
QualysGuard is an integrated security suite that can reduce costs and simplify security operations. It automates auditing and compliance and protects IT systems and web applications.
QualysGuard consists of a set of tools that monitor, detect and secure your network.
WebInspect helps identify web application vulnerabilities, both known as well as unknown.
It can be used to test that the Web server is configured correctly. It will also attempt common web-attacks, including parameter injection, cross-site scripting, directory crawling and more.
LC4 was formerly known as L0phtCrack. It is a password auditing and recovery application. It is a password recovery and auditing application.
LC4 is able to recover Windows account passwords to help facilitate migration to another authentication method or gain access to accounts whose credentials have been lost.
· LANguard Network Scanner
LANguard Network Scanning is a network monitoring software that scans all computers connected to a network and provides detailed information about each node. You can find out information about each operating system.
It can also be used for detecting registry issues and generating a report using HTML. For each computer, you can list the netbios, current users logged on, and Mac addresses.
· Network Stumbler
The Network Stumbler for Windows WiFi Monitor and Scanner is an application that monitors WiFi networks. Network professionals use it to detect WLANs. Hackers and networking enthusiast use it to locate non-broadcasting wireless networks.
Network Stumbler can be used as a tool to verify if a network is configured correctly. It also checks coverage and signal strength. It can also detect wireless interference. It can also be used to connect non-authorized devices.
ToneLoc stands for Tone Locator. In the early 90's, it was a popular war dialing program. This is a way to scan a list of phone numbers using a modem and dial each number in a specific area code.
Hackers use this list to breach computer security. Hackers can guess passwords or find modems that could be used to gain access to computers or electronic systems.
It can be used by security personnel to detect unauthorised devices on a company's telephone network. Check out the Ethical Hacking Course in Pune Contact sevenmentor if you want to get started in this career or advance your career.